A forgotten profession: In the days before alarm clocks were widely affordable, people like Mary Smith of Brenton Street were employed to rouse sleeping people in the early hours of the morning. They were commonly known as ‘knocker-ups’ or ‘knocker-uppers’. Mrs. Smith was paid sixpence a week to shoot dried peas at market workers’ windows in Limehouse Fields, London. Photograph from Philip Davies’ Lost London: 1870-1945.

Before alarm clocks there were knocker-upper's. Mary Smith earned sixpence a week shooting dried peas at sleeping workers windows. x Undated. Photograph from Philip Davies' Lost London: 1870 -

The shoemaker (late 19th century)

Love this image of 'The shoemaker' (late century). How little the tools of the trade for bespoke shoes have changed!

1897 map of central London - Shoreditch and Bank

1897 map of central London - Shoreditch and Bank. One of the best SS projects my students and I did was to create imaginary towns. The students and I negotiated a rubric after studying our textbook, they set to work, and we all enjoyed their efforts!

Le Père Fouettard

KRAMPUS, In the old days, Krampus would gather up bad children, toss them in his basket, and whisk them away to the North Pole to serve as Santa's slaves. That's where the legend of Santa's elves came from. (Photo from Holland)

Poverty map of Old Nichol slum, East End of London, showing Bethnal Green Road, from Charles Booth’s Labour and Life of the People. Volume 1: East London (London: Macmillan, 1889).

Poverty map of Old Nichol slum East End of London showing Bethnal Green Road Charles Booth’s Labour & Life of the People 1889 The streets are colored to represent the economic class of the residents

Spitalfields nippers: rare photograph of London street kids in 1901

Spitalfields nippers: rare photographs of London street kids in 1901 – in pictures

Simply breathe taking!!!...TRUE BEAUTY! ..♡♡♡♡♡♡♡..

Love vintage and black and white photography-old Hollywood and silent film era-Victorian and Edwardian

Mill wall, East London ~ The association with Cockney and the East End in the public imagination may be due to many people assuming that Bow Bells are to be found in the district of Bow, rather than the lesser known St Mary-le-Bow church. Thus while all East Enders are Cockneys, not all Cockneys are East Enders.

barque 'Penang' in dry dock at Millwall 1932 - Unknown - Royal Museums Greenwich Prints