When and How Did Durga Puja Originate?
The Mother Goddess — known variously as Durga, Bhavani, Sherawali, Amba, Chandika, Gauri, Parvati, Vaishno Devi — represents the fiery powers of the gods. The name “Durga” means “inaccessible”, and she is the personification of the active side of the divine “shakti” energy of Lord Shiva. Durga is usually portrayed as riding a lion, and carrying weapons in her many arms. She is the protector of the righteous, and destroyer of the evil.
Durga’s themes are power over evil and negativity, knowledge and sustenance. Her symbols are fire, yellow-colored items, lions, rice bowls and spoons. The Hindu warrior Goddess Durga is typically depicted as a beautiful woman with ten arms that bear divine weapons to protect all that is sacred – including you. Her role in Indian mythology is so powerful that the national anthem sings Her praises as a guardian.
Simhavahini Durga Goddess Durga represents the power of the Supreme Being that preserves moral order and righteousness in the creation. The Sanskrit word Durga means a fort or a place that is protected and thus difficult to reach. Durga, also called Divine Mother, protects mankind from evil and misery by destroying evil forces such as selfishness, jealousy, prejudice, hatred, anger, and ego.
Mahadevi, the Great Goddess | India (Rajasthan, Bikaner) | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
An Indian representation of Mahadevi, the Hindu Great Goddess, c.1725; she holds an array of weapons; her third eye and crescent moon in her hair link her symbolically with Shiva; she stands on a lotus flower, a symbol of purity and sanctity. (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Durga as Slayer of the Buffalo Demon Mahishasura | Nepal | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The 18-armed Hindu goddess Durga, an aspect of the Great Goddess Devi. After the gods had been defeated by the all-powerful demon Mahisha, they created Durga to serve as their champion. With the force of the gods' collective weapons and might transferred to her, she slays the demon buffalo. Originally, part of a larger ensemble. She stood on the back of the buffalo-demon. on a pedestal. 14-15th C. Nepal Gilt copper alloy inlaid semi-precious stones.
garden of the far east
The 18-armed Hindu goddess Durga, an aspect of the Great Goddess Devi. After the gods had been defeated by the all-powerful demon Mahisha, they created Durga to serve as their champion. With the force of the gods' collective weapons and might transferred to her, she slays the demon buffalo. Originally, part of a larger ensemble. She stood on the back of the buffalo-demon. on a pedestal.
Tales of Balarama — Balarama was Krishna's elder brother and his mate in their joint exploits. Balarama is simple-minded and depends on his physical strength in combat. Balarama's symbol was his plough. He used the plough to make a channel from the river Yamuna to a far-off dry land. It was the plough that procured for him the suitable bride Revati. Balarama and Krishna jontly fought with Kamsa in their early years. But Balarama kept himself away from the later war of Kauravas and Pandavas.