leonardo da vinci: was an italian artist considered the ideal renaissance man due to his varied talents. his interests included botany, anatomy, optics, music, architecture, and engineering. his sketches for flying machines and undersea boats resembled the later inventions of airplanes and submarines.
raphael: a renaissance painter who blended christian and classical styles. his famous paintings include one of the madonna, the mother of jesus, and school of athens, showing an imaginary gathering of great thinkers, scientists, and artists including michelangelo, leonardo, and himself
michelangelo: was an italian painter also known for his sculpture, engineering, architecture, and poems. his famous marble statue, david, shows the influence of ancient greek traditions on renaissance artists. michelangelo painted biblically themed ceiling murals for the sistine chapel in rome. as an architect, he designed the dome of st. peter’s cathedral in rome, later a model for the US capitol in washington DC
petrarch: lived in florence and was an early renaissance humanist, poet, and scholar. he assembled a library of greek and roman manuscripts gathered from monasteries and churches, helping to preserve these classic works for future generations
humanism: an intellectual movement at the heart of the renaissance that focused on education and the classics