"Stood in a roomful of targets, let the bullets fly, free of guilt and remorse. Knowing you are virtuous, good, and decent. Knowing you’re doing God’s work."(Pg 277) “They do nothing but thumb their prayer beads and recite a book written in a tongue they don’t even understand.” (Pg 17) The blue prayer beads are a symbol for delusion and self-righteousness of the deeply religious Sunni Muslims in the Taliban. They do terrible things but surround themselves with religion to justify themselves.
"I thought about Soraya. It calmed me. I thought of her sickle shaped birthmark, the elegant curve of her nose, her luminous eyes." (Pg 270) Soraya's birthmark is a symbol for how Amir can see imperfection as beauty. Even though both America and Kabul have flaws, bad smells, litter etc., he loves them in spite of and for those things. It is also a symbol of peace and hope for Amir because when he is in a bad situation he thinks of her and her birthmark and is calmed.
"I write fiction," I said, thinking of the dozen or so short stories I had written in the leather-bound notebook Rahim Khan had given me... "Ah, a storyteller," the general said. "Well, people need stories to divert them at difficult times like this." (page 139) Amir’s brown leather-bound notebook represents an escape from the guilt and reality he faces everyday. When he writes his stories, he is transported to another world and momentarily forgets the past he is haunted by.
"The bells jingled on final time when he stomped his foot with the song's last note" (Pg 280) The bell anklets Sohrab is forced to wear symbolize shackles. The shackles of his imprisonment not only with Assef in the house but within his status as a Hazara. He is trapped in his social status and because of he is shunned by society and forced to serve the Pashtuns often to the point of slavery.
"Perhaps you didn’t notice that I’m the one holding the slingshot... even I had to strain to hear the fear that I knew hid under his calm voice.” (Pg 42) "Let’s go!” Sohrab said. He took my hand. He helped me to my feet.” (pg 291) The slingshot is a symbol in this novel of the undeserving protection that Amir receives throughout the book at the hand of Hassan and then Hassan's son despite of fear of harm.
"'Oat Cell Carcinoma.' Inoperable… 'There is chemotherapy, of course,' he said 'but it would only be palliative"' (Pg 156) "My body was broken but I felt healed." (Pg 289) Baba’s tumour takes over him and kills slowly him from the inside. We see the same thing in Amir except the tumour is replaced with cancerous guilt for his past. Like the tumour, he can never fully get rid of it but it can be made better. The medical ailment parallel continues when Amir is beaten and says he feels healed.