The No. 2857 bus on which Rosa Parks was riding on December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama when she was arrested for her refusal to give up her seat to a white person which sparked the Civil Rights Movement.

This is the bus Rosa Parks was riding when she refused to move seats for a white man. Soon after, a bus boycott took effect and was one of many tactics used by civil rights organizations.

While most people remember Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, they forget that the Montgomery Bus Boycott succeeded because of the participation of tens of thousands of ordinary people.  These women and men risked their lives and jobs to keep the boycott alive.  Many, like this woman, walked instead of riding the segregated buses.

Forgotten Photographs of the Civil Rights Struggle - The Daily Beast Woman boycotting Montgomery buses Montgomery, Alabama, December 1955 Photograph by Don Cravens

On Dec. 5, 1955 the Montgomery Bus Boycott began. It is one of the most powerful stories of organizing and social change in U.S. history. Out of Montgomery’s 50,000 African American residents, 30,000-40,000 participated in the boycott. For 381 days, they walked or bicycled or car-pooled, depriving the bus company of a substantial portion of its revenue.

On December 1955 The Montgomery Bus Boycott began, and lasted 381 days putting the Montgomery Bus Company in financial ruin, I Hope.

Claudette Colvin: b. 1939; Claudette Colvin is a pioneer of the African-American civil rights movement. In 1955, she was the first person arrested for resisting bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, preceding the better known Rosa Parks incident by nine months. Montgomery's black leaders did not publicize Colvin's effort for long because she was a teenager and became an unmarried mother. Given the social norms of the time, the NAACP leaders worried about using her to represent their…

Before Rosa Parks, There Was Claudette Colvin

Claudette Colvin: b. Claudette Colvin is a pioneer of the African-American civil rights movement. In she was the first person arrested for resisting bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, preceding the better known Rosa Parks incident by nine

Civil Rights Mug Shots: Heroes Of The Montgomery Bus Boycott And Freedom Rides - Flashbak

Civil Rights Mug Shots: Heroes Of The Montgomery Bus Boycott And Freedom Rides - Flashbak

The arrest report from Montgomery, Alabama police for Rosa Parks on Dec. 1, 1955, the day she rode a  Montgomery city bus and refused to get up and move to the back of the bus so a white man could take her seat, as she was expected to do.  This arrest led to the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Rosa Parks’s official arrest report: She refused to give bus seat to white man 58 years ago today

The police report for Rosa Parks' 1955 arrest, the event that started the Montgomery Bus Boycott and Martin Luther King Jr.'s ascent to leadership of the civil rights movement.

Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-56) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed

Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-56) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed

Don Cravens, [Rosa Parks riding on newly integrated bus following Supreme Court ruling ending successful 381-day boycott of segregated buses, Montgomery, Alabama], 1956

Don Cravens, [Rosa Parks riding on newly integrated bus following Supreme Court ruling ending successful 381-day boycott of segregated buses, Montgomery, Alabama], 1956

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