Native Congo Free State labourers who failed to meet rubber collection quotas were often punished by having their hands cut off King Leopold’s Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule, By Mark Twain, Boston: The P. Warren Co., Second Edition.
Belgien -- Congolese men pose with the severed hands of others who failed to meet their rubber quotas, made into examples by the Anglo-Belgian India Rubber company in the Congo Free State, a former colony of Belgium.
Leopold II - The King of Belgium who deliberately starved and murdered over civilians in his private African colony of the Congo Free State, and imposed forced labor on the Congolese people to extract rubber and hunt ivory.
Beautiful Large Size Copper Coin Hole in Middle 10 Centimes 1888 Congo Free State About Uncirculated or Better
This photograph shows a Catholic father with some Congolese boys. The photograph was taken about Many of the reports about colonial abuses came from the Protestant and not the Catholic missionaries who the King was able to effectively silence.
Congo Free State - Wikipedia
The Atrocities and Death toll of the Congo Free State Rubber Regime
Panos Pictures/Anti-Slavery International: Democratic Republic of the Congo. Nsala of Wala with the severed hand and foot of his five year old daughter murdered by Anglo-Belgian India Rubber company militia,
Belgium Order of Leopold II Commander’s neck badge;
Hampton and Stillman alum William Henry Sheppard was one of the earliest African Americans to become a missionary for the Presbyterian Church. He spent 20 years in Africa, primarily in and around the Congo Free State, and is best known for his efforts to publicize the atrocities committed against the Kuba and other Congolese peoples by King Leopold II's Force Publique.
The baskets of severed hands, set down at the feet of the European post commanders, became the symbol of the Congo Free State. … The collection of hands became an end in itself. Force Publique soldiers brought them to the stations in place of rubber; they even went out to harvest them instead of rubber… They became a sort of currency. They came to be used to make up for shortfalls in rubber quotas, to replace… the people who were demanded for the forced labour gangs; and the Force Publique…