Francis Bellamy, a socialist Baptist minister wrote the Pledge of Allegiance. Who Knew? "CNN Bob Greene Ignores the Socialist Origins of the Pledge of Allegiance" Huffington Post A very interesting article.
Before American children pledged allegiance to the flag with the Bellamy salute. Worried that it might be confused with the Nazi’s Roman salute, Congress changed the salute to simply placing a hand over the heart.
Students pledging allegiance to the American flag with the Bellamy salute. It was replaced with today’s ‘hand-over-heart’ salute during World War II, since it looked similar to the gesture used by Adolf Hitler’s Nazis.