July 3, 1844: Last pair of Great Auks killed. Although individual auks were seen after that, there were no more breeding pairs left, and the birds became extinct. They had been hunted by humans for over 100,000 years, but it wasn't until Europeans developed a taste for auk down comforters that the creature was really in trouble. This painting by John James Audubon shows the Great Auk in its summer plumage.

great auk: Pinguinus impennis flightless seabird extinct since Great auks belonged to the family Alcidae (order Charadriiformes). They bred in colonies on rocky islands off North Atlantic.

The Great Auk (Pinguinus impennis) was a large, flightless bird of the alcid family that became extinct in the mid-19th century. It was the only modern species in the genus Pinguinus, a group of birds that formerly included one other species of flightless giant auk from the Atlantic Ocean region.

Great Auk (Pinguinis impennis) specimen (Bird no. the Glasgow Auk) and replica egg, Kelvingrove, Glasgow

A summer Great Auk is stuffed and placed upon a wooden block, looking right.

Extinct: Great Auk: These auks were flightless penguins from the Atlantic. They were one of the largest auks standing about inches high. They had white and glossy black feathers, and were once seen in huge numbers in the northern frigid areas.

A large, triangular rock rises from the misty waters, with more islands behind and northern gannets flying around it.

Meet the Great Auk, the Penguin-Like Bird of the Northern Hemisphere: The Great Auk Lived Along the Shores of the Northern Atlantic

Great Auk, North Atlantic. Extinct since 1844.

Great auk, Extinct Birds: An attempt to unite in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, Lionel Walter Rothschild,

342-Alca impennis. Great Auk      ...

342-Alca impennis. Great Auk ...