immigrants from Denmark, Netherlands, and Germany spoke a cluster of related dialects falling within the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. Their language began to develop its own distinctive features in isolation from the continental Germanic languages, and by 600 A.D. had developed into what we call Old English or Anglo-Saxon, covering the territory of most of modern England.
Norse shamanism. The name “völva” means simply “woman with a staff”. The staff, in Norse also called “gandur” (refer to the English word “wand”), was a symbol of power and, like in this case, control of the supernatural. The bishop’s crozier, the king’s sceptre and the magician’s magic wand are relics from this special kind of symbolism. The Norse word “gandur” means both wand and magic in modern Faroese and Icelandic.
Vegvisir Amulet, Bronce... The Vegvísir is an Icelandic magical symbol of navigation, also known as the "Runic Compass". The old Norse word translates to 'guidepost' or 'direction sign'. An old manuscript declares that "if this sign is carried, one will never lose one's way in storms or bad weather, even when the way is not known". http://grimfrost.com/en/viking-jewelry/silver/vegvisir-amulet-silver-1.html