Caledonii.  The Romans called the tribes of the north the ‘Caledones’ or ‘Caledonii’ and named their land ‘Caledonia’. The Roman historian Tacitus tells us that the inhabitants of Caledonia had ‘red hair and large limbs’; they were a fierce people that were quick to fight when they first saw the Roman invaders.

Caledonian Warrior, tall, red haired tribe of the north so feared by the Roman Empire the Romans built a wall to keep them at bay.

A Pictish 'schiltron' repels Romano-British cavalry from the Kingdom of Strathclyde 744 AD.

A Pictish 'schiltron' repels Romano-British cavalry from the Kingdom of Strathclyde 744 AD.

Between 400 to 900 AD, from withdrawal of the Roman Empire until the ascension of Anglo-Saxon rule, the land we now call Britain was divided under the rule of many peoples. These tribes were banded together loosely into four “kingdoms: ” The Britons, the Angles,the Scots and the Picts.

The 'kingdoms' of ancient Britain. Between 400 to 900 AD, from withdrawal of the Roman Empire until the ascension of Anglo-Saxon rule, the land we now call Britain was divided under the rule of many peoples. These tribes were banded together loosely

Map of Scotland and the Picts-historians have adopted the terms "Pict" or "Pictish" as a convenient label for the period and people from about AD 300-800.

Map of Scotland and the Picts -historians have adopted the terms "Pict" or "Pictish" as a convenient label for the period and people from about AD

A, late-16th century, vision of a Pictish warrior (clearly based on Herodian's description of the “barbarians” of Caledonia) by John White. The overall blue tinting of the body is inspired by a remark made by Julius Caesar, who had spent a few weeks in the south-eastern corner of Britain in 55BC and 54BC: “All the Britons, without exception, stain themselves with woad, which produces a blueish tint; and this gives them a wild look in battle.”

Drawn by John White Date A Pictish warrior holding a human head; nude, body stained and painted with birds, animals and serpents carrying shield and man's head, with large curved sword Watercolour touched with bodycolour and white over graphite

Dragon (goddess) Symbols on a slab, known as 'Rodney's Stone', from Brodie, Moray in Scotland

Symbols on reverse of Pictish Stone known as :Rodney"s Stone" Brodie, Moray , Scotland.Named after the gravedigger who found it .by AngelSpringFire

Pictish carvings, Scotland -- photo by Jessica Spengler. Goose clan and Salmon clan

Pictish carvings, Scotland -- photo by Jessica Spengler. Goose clan and Salmon clan

The Homes of the Picts | Rita Bay's Blog

Vikings in Scotland. In theory it would be relatively easy to keep him from escaping this excellent domicile.

Northumbrian Saxons against Picts: The Battle of Dunnichen (Necthansmere), May 20th, 685

Northumbrian Saxons against Picts: The Battle of Dunnichen (Necthansmere), May 685 - art by Richard Hook

Jarlshof, Scotland - The Most Amazing Historical Site I've Ever Seen. Are you going to add this to your bucket list?

Jarlshof - The Most Amazing Historical Site I've Ever Seen

Jarlshof is the best known prehistoric archeological site in Shetland, Scotland. It lies near the southern tip of the Shetland Mainland and has been described as " one of the most remarkable archeological sites ever excavated in the British Isles ".

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