Piri Reis: Ottoman Admiral and Cartographer. In 1929, a small section of a world map was discovered at the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul. This wasn’t just any map but the oldest known Turkish atlas showing the New World and one of the oldest maps of America still in existence anywhere (the oldest is the one …
Piri Reis was a 16th century Ottoman Admiral famous for his maps and charts collected in his Kitab-ı Bahriye (Book of Navigation), a book which contains detailed information on navigation as well as extremely accurate charts describing the important ports and cities of the Mediterranean Sea.
In 1929, a group of historians found an amazing map drawn on a gazelle skin. The map shows the western coast of Africa, the eastern coast of South America, and the northern coast of Antarctica. The northern coastline of Antarctica is perfectly detailed. The most puzzling mystery of the map shows the coastline under the ice. Geological evidence confirms that the latest date Queen Maud Land could have been charted in an ice-free state is 4000 BC.
Ottoman Map of Malta, by Piri Reis. The Piri Reis map is a world map compiled in 1513 by the Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis. It used ten Arab sources, four Indian maps sourced from the Portuguese, and one (lost) map of Columbus. (Naval Museum, Istanbul).