August 23 - Italian immigrants Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, accused of murder and tried unfairly, were executed on this day. The case became an international cause and sparked demonstrations and strikes throughout the world - 1927
Ben Shahn, The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti, from Sacco-Vanzetti series. Tempera on canvas, 84 × 48 in. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; gift of Edith and Milton Lowenthal in memory of Juliana Force
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian-born American anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during an armed robbery in Braintree, Massachusetts, 1920. As details of the trial and the men's suspected innocence became known, protests on their behalf were held in every major city in North America and Europe, as well as in Tokyo, Sydney, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Aires, and Johannesburg. They were executed in 1927.