Solidarnosc (Solidarity). Poland 1989. ▼ MoMa 150812 (2)

Solidarnosc (Solidarity). Poland 1989. ▼ MoMa 150812 (2)

The rise and fall of solidarity - Poland

The Rise and Fall of Solidarity

Thirty years ago, the remarkable Polish resistance movement Solidarity was shut down by martial law.

Lech Walesa, anti-communist leader of Solidarity in Poland, supported by Polish Pope John Paul II, served as President of Poland from 1990-1995.

Lech Walesa, anti-communist leader of Solidarity in Poland, supported by Polish Pope John Paul II, served as President of Poland from via Kin Cho

Roots of Solidarity : A Political Sociology of Poland's Working-class Democratization (Princeton Legacy

Roots of Solidarity : A Political Sociology of Poland's Working-class Democratization (Princeton Legacy

Solidarity leader Lech Walesa with a crowd of workers in Zyrandow, Poland, 1981. 07/1983 chính quyền tuyên bố chấm dứt "Tình trạng chiến tranh". 11/1988 Lech Valesa đã thắng lớn trong cuộc tranh luận công khai được truyền hình trực tiếp giữa chủ tịch Công Đoàn Đoàn kết với chủ tịch công đoàn do chính quyền thành lập về các vấn đề kinh tế, chính trị và xã hội.

Solidarity leader Lech Walesa with a crowd of workers in Zyrandow, Poland, 1981. 07/1983 chính quyền tuyên bố chấm dứt "Tình trạng chiến tranh". 11/1988 Lech Valesa đã thắng lớn trong cuộc tranh luận công khai được truyền hình trực tiếp giữa chủ tịch Công Đoàn Đoàn kết với chủ tịch công đoàn do chính quyền thành lập về các vấn đề kinh tế, chính trị và xã hội.

Lech Wałęsa leads a crowd at a shipyard in 1983.

Lech Wałęsa leads a crowd at a shipyard in 1983.

by Andreas Umland Russia’s recent actions in Crimea and southeastern Ukraine have motivated NATO to reinforce solidarity within the alliance …

by Andreas Umland Russia’s recent actions in Crimea and southeastern Ukraine have motivated NATO to reinforce solidarity within the alliance …

On August 31, 1980, the trade union Solidarity was founded at the Lenin Shipyards in Gdansk, Poland. The Solidarity movement helped lead to the fall of communism in Eastern Europe.

On August the trade union Solidarity was founded at the Lenin Shipyards in Gdansk, Poland. The Solidarity movement helped lead to the fall of communism in Eastern Europe.

Gallery of These Churches Are the Unrecognized Architecture of Poland's Anti-Communist "Solidarity" Movement - 5

Gallery of These Churches Are the Unrecognized Architecture of Poland's Anti-Communist "Solidarity" Movement - 5

These Churches Are the Unrecognized Architecture of Poland's Anti-Communist "Solidarity" Movement,© Maciej Lulko

The Duchess wore a new ensemble from an old-favourite label as she and William visited Gdansk today. Kate opted for Erdem for today's series engagements.

The Duchess wore a new ensemble from an old-favourite label as she and William visited Gdansk today. Kate opted for Erdem for today's series engagements.

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge are seen on their way to the Solidarity Monument during an official visit to Poland and Germany on July 18, 2017 in Gdansk, Poland.

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge began Day Two of the royal tour with a sombre visit to the former Nazi Concentration Camp, Stutthof.

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