The economically important Silk Road (red) and spice trade routes (blue) blocked by the Ottoman Empire ca. 1453 with the fall of the Byzantine Empire, spurring exploration motivated initially by the finding of a sea route around Africa and triggering the Age of Discovery.
How an Immigration Ban Would Affect the Spice Trade
The Spice Trade: INGREDIENTS FOR THE SPICED SYRUP ½ cup sugar 5 cardamom pods 2 whole star anise FOR THE COCKTAIL 1½ oz. genever, preferably Bols Genever 1 oz. fresh persimmon juice ¾ oz. fresh lemon juice ½ oz. anise- and cardamom-spiced syrup ½ oz. dry vermouth, preferably Dolin Blanc 1 whole star anise, for garnish // FLAT 128
Evidence of 3,000-Year-Old Cinnamon Trade Found in Israel
Evidence of Cinnamon Trade Found in Israel. 27 flasks from five sites in Israel date back 3000 years. 10 of them contain a compound found in cinnamon. The finding suggests a long range spice trade from the Far East to the Middle East.
This copper engraving from approximately 1700 depicts the condition of the English prisoners at the hands of the Dutch. In the 1660s, Cornell University's Eric Tagliacozzo says, the conflict and competition for the spice trade came to a head. "The Dutch decapitated a number of English merchants who were also in the Spice Islands trying to profit from the trade."