Bronze bust of Lucius Junius Brutus founder of the Roman Republic, c 3rd or 4th c BCE, possibly by an Etruscan artisan, Capitoline Museums.

Bronze bust of Lucius Junius Brutus founder of the Roman Republic, c or c BCE, possibly by an Etruscan artisan, Capitoline Museums.

After the defeat and death of the Roman emperor Philip the Arab in 249 CE, the empire endured over three decades of ineffective rulers. The glory days of Augustus, Vespasian and Trajan were long gone and the once powerful empire suffered both financially and militarily. There were constant attacks along the Danube River as well as in the eastern provinces. Finally, in 284 CE a man rose to the imperial throne who would completely change the face of the empire. His name was Diocletian.

Roman Emperor Diocletian

Head of the Roman emperor Diocletian, 284 - 305 CE (Istanbul Archaeology Museum).

Roman bread stamp from Caerleon. The Romans knew several kinds of bread. Mostly these breads were made with sourdough. The bread could be made of wheat, spelt, barley, millet, rice even ground pulses. Ingredients-

This item comes from: Roman Legionary Museum (Item reference: A leaden bread-stamp, reading ‘Century of Quintinius Aquila’. Each century, of 80 men, baked its own bread, and sometimes marked it.

Le voyage d'Énée tel que décrit par Virgile - in "40 maps that explain the Roman Empire" - Vox

40 maps that explain the Roman Empire

Teen Missions International | The Romans Road To Salvation

"The Romans Road To Salvation., The Book of Romans In the Holy Scriptures pertaining to our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ].

Daughter of Sand and Stone by Libbie Hawker libbiehawker.com/ Zenobia was a 3rd-century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria, who led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire. She expanded the empire, conquering Egypt and expelling the Roman prefect, Tenagino Probus, who was beheaded after he led an attempt to recapture the territory. She ruled over Egypt until 274, when she was defeated and taken as a hostage to Rome by Emperor Aurelian.

Lane Brown Art - alternate painting for Daughter of Sand and Stone by Libbie Hawker

Mosaic floors, Villa of Silene, Leptis Magna, Liby. The Roman city became prominent in the 4th century BCE. "It nominally remained part of Carthage's dominions until the end of the Third Punic War in 146 BC and then became part of the Roman Republic, although from about 111 BC onward, it was for all intents and purposes an independent city." wiki

Mosaic floors, Villa of Silene, Leptis Magna, Liby. The Roman city became prominent in the century BCE. "It nominally remained part of Carthage's dominions until the end of the Third Punic War in 146 BC and then became part of the Roman Republic, alth

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