Little Bit of History
Bataan Death March prisoners were forced to march as they were beaten and stabbed and random, then shot or run over if they got tired. In World War II’s Pacific Theater, the Philippines was a hotly contested area due to its proximity to Japan and its status as a U.S. Commonwealth. Throughout the war, many a bloody battle was fought there, including the Battle of Bataan.
THE BATAAN DEATH MARCH was a tragedy of epic proportions with 76,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war forcibly transferred, on foot, by the Imperial Japanese Army to Bataan. Even as the American and Filipino troops repelled the Japanese for several months, they were forced to retreat to wait for supplies and reinforcements. But the Japanese had cut off all routes to the Philippines, preventing a rescue by U.S. Military and the troops were forced to surrender on April 4, 1942.
In grateful memory of the more than 12,000 gallant officers and men of the U.S. Army's Philippine Scouts, half of whom died in combat or during the Bataan Death March or in Japanese prison camps. Scouts were awarded 3 Congressional Medals of Honor; 34 Distinguished Service Crosses; 134 Silver Stars; and 31 Bronze Stars for combat bravery from December 1941 to May 1942. Philippine Scouts Heritage Society, July 4th, 2003.
ABOUT THE COURSE During the Bataan Memorial Death March, you will experience miles & miles of high desert! Learn more about the course below! From the start line (blue star at the south end of the map), the routes go counterclockwise. The numerically-marked (1-12) blue drops indicate the water points.
The Secret City - Oak Ridge, TN. Calutron operators at their panels, in the Y-12 plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, during World War II... Gladys Owens, the woman seated in the foreground, did not realize what she had been doing until seeing this photo in a public tour of the facility fifty years later. (Ed Westcott/DOE)
Victory over Japan Day (V-J Day) on Jackson Square, Oak Ridge. August 1945. Residents of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, celebrate the end of the war. The town was established by the Army Corps of Engineers, as part of the Clinton Engineer Works, on isolated farmland as part of the Manhattan Project in 1942. - Galerie Bilderwelt/Getty Images