Prison Hulk--"It was normal for prisoners under sentence of transportation to spend the first part of their sentence in the prison where they had awaited trial, usually in solitary confinement....In the early 19th century, most prisoners awaiting transportation were sent to the 'hulks' in London before being assigned to a convict ship and leaving England."
There was a shortage of prison accommodation in the Victorian era, so long-term prisoners were transferred to provincial prisons, or to the dreaded hulks. The hulks were decommissioned warships anchored in the mud off Woolwich. They were dark, damp and verminous and few prisoners managed to escape. This is a cross-section of a hulk called the Defence, published in Henry Mayhew’s The Criminal Prisons of London, in 1862.
The Georgians did not have very good personal hygiene.People started to wash more often by the Regency period. By this time cotton had also become a popular fabric, as it washed more easily than others. However, for most of the period, both rich and poor were much smellier than today, many had rotting teeth and unsanitary habits.There were few flushable indoor toilets. George III introduced sea bathing for the men; it was not suitable for women.
Six Abandoned Asylums with Genuinely Chilling Backstories