There was a shortage of prison accommodation in the Victorian era, so long-term prisoners were transferred to provincial prisons, or to the dreaded hulks. The hulks were decommissioned warships anchored in the mud off Woolwich. They were dark, damp and verminous and few prisoners managed to escape. This is a cross-section of a hulk called the Defence, published in Henry Mayhew’s The Criminal Prisons of London, in 1862.

The hulks were decommissioned warships anchored in the mud off Woolwich. This is a cross-section of a hulk called the Defence, published in Henry Mayhew’s The Criminal Prisons of London, in

1895 Prisoners on a treadmill at Pentonville Prison

the original treadmill was a punishment in the victorian-era england. nowadays, still a punishment for those extra calories. keep on running, the results will show.

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A Prison Gets to Be a Friend -- Emily Dickinson

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Victorian Crime: Murder in the East End, via Frances Evesham. A hanging outside Newgate Prison. Image by Wikimedia via creative commons

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