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Copia de la rosa de los vientos de la carta náutica de 1504, del navegante portugués Pedro Reinel. Es la primera rosa de los vientos conocida que representa claramente la flor de lis como símbolo del Norte.

Reinel Compass Rose - Rendering of Compass Rose from 1504 nautical chart by Portuguese cartographer Pedro Reinel.

English: Portolan chart by anonymous Portuguese cartographer, held (CGA5C) by Biblioteca Estense, Modena. This is the oldest Portuguese nautical chart in existence. Estimated date c.1471, shortly after the voyage of Pêro Escobar and João de Santarém (c.1470) to the Gulf of Guinea, and definitely before 1482.

This is the oldest Portuguese nautical chart in existence. Estimated date shortly after the voyage of Pêro Escobar and João de Santarém to the Gulf of Guinea, and definitely before

Portolan Chart by Jorge Aguiar, 1492 - Retronaut

Portolan charts are navigational maps based on compass directions and estimated distances observed by the pilots at sea. This portolan chart was made by Jorge Aguiar in

"Terra Brasilis" by Portuguese astronomer and cartographer Lopo Homem-Reinéis, is a map of Brazil as it was in 1519, a few years after the beginning of Portuguese colonization. This map is currently in the French National Library.

"Terra Brasilis" by Portuguese astronomer and cartographer Lopo Homem-Reinéis, is a map of Brazil as it was in a few years after the beginning of Portuguese colonization. This map is currently in the French National Library.