"Sir William Marshal (1147–1219) was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman [who some have] described as the 'greatest knight that ever lived.' He served Henry II, Richard the Lionheart, King John, and Henry III—and rose from obscurity to become a regent of England for Henry III. Before him, the hereditary title of "Marshal" meant head of household security for the king of England; by the time he died, people throughout Europe referred to him simply as "the Marshal."
Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147 – 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: William le Mareschal), was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman. Temple Church
SIR ALAN FITZ WALTER, 2nd High Steward of Scotland, Knight Templar 1140-1204, the son of WALTER FITZ ALAN. From the time of his succession, Alan served as dapifer to William the Lion, King of Scots. Alan's family acquired the Isle of Bute. Alan accompanied Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade. Alan became a patron of the Knights Templar & is responsible for expanding Templar influence in Scotland. His father, Walter was my 26th GGF's brother, William fitz Alan b. Abt 1105, djk.