Descender: The lowest portion of letters such as 'g,' 'j,' 'p.' 'q,' and 'y' that extends below the baseline, or reading line of type. (See descender line.) The portion of a lowercase letter that extends below the base line of the letter.
This is the type alignment known as justified and unjustified setting. justified—text is aligned along the left margin, and letter- and word-spacing is adjusted so that the text falls flush with both margins
Condensed: Condensed fonts are narrower versions of the standard typefaces in a specific type family. Some fonts that are not part of a larger family may be described as condensed if they are much taller than they are wide.
While roman typefaces are upright, italic typefaces slant to the right. But rather than being just a slanted or tilted version of the roman face, a true or pure italic font is drawn from scratch and has unique features not found in the roman face.