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large Bottle Kiln at Dudson Pottery, Hope Street,  Hanley  Now open as part of a museum.  photo: Steve Birks - Oct 1999

The outer part, which is bottle shaped is known as the Hovel which could be up to seventy feet tall. It acted as a chimney; taking away the smoke, creating draught and protecting the oven inside from the weather and uneven draughts.

It's....Hard to believe beautiful pottery and fine china was made here in mucky Hanely along with the other towns which made up Stoke on Trent... My city was the same with the silver and steel trade.  I remember the constant smoke, soot fell like rain. It all stopped with the clean air act in 1965

It's hard to believe beautiful pottery and fine china was made here in mucky Hanley along with the other towns which made up Stoke on Trent.the constant smoke, soot fell like rain. It all stopped with the clean air act in 1965

bottle kiln at the Middleport Potteries, Port Street, Middleport, Burslem  - alongside the Trent & Mersey Canal.   photo: Chris Oldham - 2007

bottle kiln at the Middleport Potteries, Port Street, Middleport, Burslem - alongside the Trent & Mersey Canal.

How the Bottle Kiln works........

men placing saggars up the sides of the bottle ovens, Stoke on Trent. Great website for Stoke stuff

bottle oven, corner of Warren St /  Normacot Road, Longton  photo: David Rayner - Feb 2003

bottle oven, corner of Warren St / Normacot Road, Longton photo: David Rayner - Feb 2003

experimental muffle kiln with circular hovel at Moorland Pottery Works, Burslem.

Experimental muffle kiln with circular hovel at Moorland Pottery Works, Burslem

Bottle Kilns   Nothing set the Potteries sky-line apart more than the weird bottle shaped brick buildings that looked for all the world like they had been borrowed from a fairytale scene.  Experts calculate that in the heyday there were up to 4,000 bottle kilns with as many as 2,000 still standing in the 1950's. The Clean Air Act sounded the death-knell for the smoky, coal fired oven.

Nothing set the Potteries sky-line apart more than the weird bottle shaped brick buildings that looked for all the world like they had been borrowed from a fairytale scene.

Kilns at the Enson works in Short Street, between Uttoxeter and Normacot Roads, Longton  photo: Espresso Addict  - Jan 2007

Kilns at the Enson works in Short Street, between Uttoxeter and Normacot Roads, Longton photo: Espresso Addict - Jan 2007

large bottle kiln at Price and Kensington, National Teapot Works, Longport, Burslem  photo: Chris Allen June 1989

large bottle kiln at Price and Kensington, National Teapot Works, Longport, Burslem photo: Chris Allen June 1989

conical bottle kilns at   Furlong Lane, Middleport, Burslem

conical bottle kilns at Furlong Lane, Middleport, Burslem

The Mersey Weaver Wharf - Burslem Branch Canal  note the amazing number of bottle ovens on the skyline  The skyline is the district known as Dale Hall - between Burslem and Longport

The Mersey Weaver Wharf - Burslem Branch Canal note the amazing number of bottle ovens on the skyline The skyline is the district known as Dale Hall - between Burslem and Longport

calcining kilns of 1887 in the Cliff Vale potteries of Twyfords, Shelton New Road - alongside the Trent and Mersey canal.  photo: 28dayslater.co.uk

- The sky-line of Stoke-on-Trent was once dominated by of smoky bottle kilns

large bottle kilns seen from the rear of the Gladstone and Roslyn works, Uttoxeter Road, Longton  photo: Chris Oldham - 2007

large bottle kilns seen from the rear of the Gladstone and Roslyn works, Uttoxeter Road, Longton photo: Chris Oldham - 2007

square calcining kiln in Milvale Street, Middleport, Burslem - alongside the Trent & Mersey Canal.   photo: Chris Oldham - 2007

square calcining kiln in Milvale Street, Middleport, Burslem - alongside the Trent & Mersey Canal.


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