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knife from Enkomi; iron blad and ivory handle attached with bronze rivets--materializes transition from bronze to iron (ca. 1150 BC)

knife from Enkomi; iron blad and ivory handle attached with bronze rivets--materializes transition from bronze to iron (ca.

Uluburun shpiwreck, coast of Turkey, ca. 1325 BC

Uluburun shpiwreck, coast of Turkey, ca.

Typical Neolithic settlement in the Tavoliere, identifiable by encircling ditches and s-chaped cuttings, assumed to delineate individual household plots. (ca. 6th-5th m? BC)

Typical Neolithic settlement in the Tavoliere, identifiable by encircling ditches and s-chaped cuttings, assumed to delineate individual household plots.

clay model of a ploughing scene, northern Cypriot site of Vounous. one of many indices of rapid cultural and economic change during the late 3rd m. BCE on the island

clay model of a ploughing scene, northern Cypriot site of Vounous. one of many indices of rapid cultural and economic change during the late m. BCE on the island

Kilia figurine: marble,  manufactured and distributed in large numbers across western Anatolia. (6th m. BC)

Kilia figurine: marble, manufactured and distributed in large numbers across western Anatolia.

Clay model of a sistrum from Archanes, Crete. Clear connections to Egypt and cult of Hathor. Emergent Crete, perhaps mediated by Byblos? (early 2nd m. BC)

Clay model of a sistrum from Archanes, Crete. Clear connections to Egypt and cult of Hathor. Emergent Crete, perhaps mediated by Byblos?

Levante-style rock art, southern Iberia. Female harvesters wield sickles, juxtaposed with an adventure of hive-robbing. (ca. 5th-4th m. BC)

Female harvesters wield sickles, juxtaposed with an adventure of hive-robbing.

Example of embossed bone plaques of Sicily, function unknown. Reached the Adriatic, as well as Troy, Lerna, and Malta when the Cetina expansion temporarily brought it into contact with the wider Med (ca. 3rd m. BC)

Example of embossed bone plaques of Sicily, function unknown. Reached the Adriatic, as well as Troy, Lerna, and Malta when the Cetina expansion temporarily brought it into contact with the wider Med (ca.

Left: Natufian mortars and pestles from Wadi Hammeh, Jordan. Testify to increasing investment in grinding equpment for processing grass seeds and other initially wild crops in several parts of the Med after LGM. (ca. 13,000-10,000 BC)

Left: Natufian mortars and pestles from Wadi Hammeh, Jordan. Testify to increasing investment in grinding equpment for processing grass seeds and other initially wild crops in several parts of the Med after LGM.

Priamosschatz in Heinrich Schliemanns huis, Athene

The so-called Treausure of Priam. Still the sunject of controversy, it vanished in Berlin in May 1945 (Michael Wood) (Erdinç Bakla archive

Monte d'Accoddi, one of the most imporessive and least widely known monuments in the Med. Sardinia. Can see axial ascent ramp to summit of a massive pyramidal structure. Burnt, then reconstructed. Sardinia. (ca. 2800 BC)

Monte d'Accoddi, one of the most imporessive and least widely known monuments in the Med. Can see axial ascent ramp to summit of a massive pyramidal structure. Burnt, then reconstructed.

Natufian bone sickle haft, Hanahal Cave, Israel. Young gazelle carved on tip, interesting juxtaposition of spheres of plant-gathering and hunting. (ca. 10th m. BC)

Young gazelle carved on tip, interesting juxtaposition of spheres of plant-gathering and hunting.

House of the Tiles, Lerna. EBA structure, interpreted variously as public building, house of high-level elite, administrator, etc. Several architectural innovations for the time, including the baked tile roof. Sealings found here. (c. 2500-2300)

House of the Tiles, Lerna. EBA structure, interpreted variously as public building, house of high-level elite, administrator, etc. Several architectural innovations for the time, including the baked tile roof. Sealings found here. (c. 2500-2300)

small foritified community at Boussargues in S. France, with seeral typical stone-built longhouses within (ca. 3500 BC)

small foritified community at Boussargues in S. France, with seeral typical stone-built longhouses within (ca.

homofloriesiensis.jpg 450×350 pixels

Exploring the Evolutionary Growth in Hominid Brain Size - Dr. Stephen Cunnane, author of Survival of the Fattest, argues for the importance of stable food sources and baby fat in the evolution of brain size. Infant's brains use of the body's energy.

M'zora menhir, near Tangier. Example of North African megalith. (ca. early 2nd m?)

M'zora menhir, near Tangier. Example of North African megalith.

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