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Charles Robert Darwin FRS (1809-1882)

Charles Robert Darwin FRS was an English naturalist. He established that all species of life have descended over time

Gassendi, Pierre (1592 - 1655): was a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. With a church position in south-east France, he also spent much time in Paris, where he was a leader of a group of free-thinking intellectuals. He was also an active observational scientist, publishing the first data on the transit of Mercury in 1631. The lunar crater Gassendi is named after him.

Gassendi, Pierre (1592 - 1655): was a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. With a church position in south-east France, he also spent much time in Paris, where he was a leader of a group of free-thinking intellectuals. He was also an active observational scientist, publishing the first data on the transit of Mercury in 1631. The lunar crater Gassendi is named after him.

Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor of dynamite, founder of the Nobel Prizes, born October 21, 1833.

Alfred Bernhard Nobel October 1833 – 10 December was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer. He was the inventor of dynamite and he used his fortune to posthumously institute the Nobel Prizes.

“The owl of Minerva spreads its wings only with the falling of the dusk.” Hegel

On August German theological philosopher Georg Friedrich Wilhelm Hegel was born, who is counted as the creator of German idealism.

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, born February 8, 1834,  was a Russian chemist. He is famous for his formulation (1869) of the periodic law and the invention of the periodic table, a classification of the elements; with Lothar Meyer, who had independently reached similar conclusions, he was awarded the Davy medal in 1882. From his remarkable table Mendeleev predicted the properties of elements then unknown; three of these (gallium, scandium, and germanium) were later discovered.

Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor. He is credited as being the creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements. Using the table, he predicted the properties of elements yet to be discovered.

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, composer, & Latin & Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy & modern intellectual history. The Nietzsche scholar Joachim Köhler has attempted to explain Nietzsche's life history & philosophy by claiming that Nietzsche was homosexual. Köhler argues that Nietzsche's syphilis is likely, it is now held, to have been contracted in a male brothel in Genoa".

Today marks the death of German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche. Understand his philosophy better through Author Joachim Kohler’s Zarathustra’s Secret, as Kohler makes sense of Nietzsche’s philosophies in relation to his intimate personal life.

Max Weber, pronounced Vay-ber.  Other pronunciations are unacceptable.  Founder of sociology (pshhh) and social science in general.  He theorized on authority and governance. Charisma vs Bureaucracy as social organization.

Max Weber

Economic Sociology: Max Weber and ‘The Protestant Ethic and Capitalism’

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