"Shodhini' is Sanskrit for female researcher. The only person to hold two Nobel Prizes is a woman. Marie Curie was honored for her work in both Physics & Chemistry and her pioneering research in radioactivity changed history.
Kary B. Mullis - Nobel Prize winner in Chemistry, for inventing PCR. In this lecture he talks about his inspiration and explains the process. Apparently he was on LSD when inspiration struck (but that is not mentioned here!
Golgi, Professor of Histology in Pavia, made many important histological studies and is well known for his discovery of the silver chromate methods of staining nervous tissue and described several previously unknown types of nerve cells.