The Mughals were the successors of the Timurids and their armies reflected their Mongol inheritance. The Mughals were the most successful Muslim conquerors of India reaching its apex under Aurangzeb Almagir (1658-1707), The last Mughal emperor was deposed by the British for his complicity in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Siraj ud-Daulah was the last independent Nawab of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.
The Mauryan Emperors were succeeded in Magadha by the Sunga and Kanva rulers, while the Greeks, the Parthians, the Sakas and the Kushanas ruled the north-west frontier. In the trans-Vindhyan India a new power was rising under the Satavahanas.
The map illustrates the situation in India during the XIX century, with the territories occupied by the British, the various acquisitions that took place, and the British campaigns of mid-century. By Laura Canali for Heartland.