In 1895, with her palace compound under heavy bombardment by the French, Ranavalona III of Madagascar agreed to surrender. She was exiled to Algiers with two secretaries, a cook, a maid, several other servants, her aunt, her sister, & a niece who had been impregnated by a French soldier. Ranavalova volunteered with the Red Cross after World War I. She died of natural causes at her villa in Algiers in 1917.
Miners dig in a sapphire mine on September 12, 2008 near the southwestern Madagascan town of Ilakaka (background). The mushrooming town of Ilakaka, which in October 1998 saw a major influx of illegal miners who came in search of fortune after the discovery of a large sapphire deposit. (ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/Getty Images) #