The Anglo Saxons spoke Germanic languages and were not very good at reading and writing. Instead They used symbols called runes. Whereas the Britains who were pushed westward understood the Roman language of Latin and could read and write.
Runes (Proto-Norse: ᚱᚢᚾᛟ (runo), Old Norse: rún) are the letters in a set of related alphabets known as runic alphabets, which were used to write various Germanic languages before the adoption of the Latin alphabet and for specialised purposes thereafter.
Thedan Script - used extensively by Gardnerian Witches Runic Alphabets - they served for divinatory and ritual purposes, as well as the more practical use; there are three main types of Runes; Germanic, Scandinavian/Norse, and.
Runes and the English letter values assigned to them by Tolkien, used in several of his original illustrations and designs for The Hobbit. << My friend taught me this alphabet a bit. I was fun to write to each other!