Simon de Varie Kneeling in Prayer; Jean Fouquet (French, born about 1415 - 1420, died before 1481); Tours, France; 1455; Tempera colors, gold paint, gold leaf, and ink on parchment; Leaf: 11.4 Ã 8.3 cm (4 1/2 Ã 3 1/4 in.); Ms. 7, fol. 2; Partial gift of Gerald F. Borrmann; J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, California
Jean Fouquet, c.1420 - before 1481, French, Flavius Josephus: The Jewish Antiquities, c.1465. Manuscript (Ms. français 247, 2 volumes), 43 x 29 cm (folio size). Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. Northern Renaissance.
For many artists and scholars, Judith's sexualized femininity interestingly and sometimes contradictorily combined with her masculine aggression. Judith was one of the virtuous women whom Van Beverwijck mentioned in his published apology (1639) for the superiority of women to men, and a common example of the Power of Women iconographic theme in the Northern Renaissance.