Landvættir (“land wights”) are spirits of the land in Norse mythology and in Germanic paganism. They protect and promote the flourishing of the specific places where they live, which can be as small as a rock or a corner of a field, or as large as a section of a country. More
Gynosphinx- Greek myth: a monster with the body of a lion, wings of a bird, and head of a woman. She would guard pathways and would block the traveler to ask him a riddle. If the traveler got the riddle right he would be on his way and the sphinx would leave. If he got it wrong then the sphinx would eat him.