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History: Periods of Time: Parade of people who joined the Red Guards. The Red Guards were a group of young people who were formed by the first leader of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong. They purged the people in China deemed untrustworthy, leading to a chaotic period known as the Cultural Revolution.

Parading Red Guards and students wave copies of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Little Red Book at the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, China, photograph by Jean Vincent.