Drawing of Tell el-Muqayyar before excavation - a tell is a mound under which is often found a whole civilization when excavated. This tell or mound was the place where Woolley began to dig and discovered the ancient city of Ur. The ziggaraut is partially uncovered.
This shows a street of private houses excavated in "Ur of the Chaldees". These houses were built about 2100 bc about the time Terah and his son Abram were living in Ur. They may have seen this street. The state of preservation of these houses were such that it is possible to reconstruct a general plan of the homes in Ur.
tammuz: Limestone head of a guard from the era of Xerxes I (485-465 BCE). The Achaemenid Empire ruled Persia and Mesopotamia with Babylon as its major imperial capital until Alexander the Great’s conquest of the Near East. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY.Photo by Babylon Chronicle
Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia. It is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside (essential in this part of the world) and is thought to have been unchanged for at least 3,000 years. At the historical site the ruins of the city walls and fortifications are still in place, with one city gate standing, along with some other structures.