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Drawing of Tell el-Muqayyar before excavation - a tell is a mound under which is often found a whole civilization when excavated.  This tell or mound was the place where Woolley began to dig and discovered the ancient city of Ur.  The ziggaraut is partially uncovered.

Drawing of Tell el-Muqayyar before excavation - a tell is a mound under which is often found a whole civilization when excavated. This tell or mound was the place where Woolley began to dig and discovered the ancient city of Ur. The ziggaraut is partially uncovered.

This shows a street of private houses excavated in "Ur of the Chaldees".  These houses were built about 2100 bc about the time Terah and his son Abram were living in Ur. They may have seen this street.  The state of preservation of these houses were such that it is possible to reconstruct a general plan of the homes in Ur.

This shows a street of private houses excavated in "Ur of the Chaldees". These houses were built about 2100 bc about the time Terah and his son Abram were living in Ur. They may have seen this street. The state of preservation of these houses were such that it is possible to reconstruct a general plan of the homes in Ur.

tammuz:  Limestone head of a guard from the era of Xerxes I (485-465 BCE). The Achaemenid Empire ruled Persia and Mesopotamia with Babylon as its major imperial capital until Alexander the Great’s conquest of the Near East. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY.Photo by Babylon Chronicle

tammuz: Limestone head of a guard from the era of Xerxes I (485-465 BCE). The Achaemenid Empire ruled Persia and Mesopotamia with Babylon as its major imperial capital until Alexander the Great’s conquest of the Near East. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY.Photo by Babylon Chronicle

From the Standard of Ur, Southern Iraq, about 2600-2400 BC. - Discovered by C. Leonard Woolley

From the Standard of Ur, Southern Iraq, about 2600-2400 BC. - Discovered by C. Leonard Woolley

The Standard of Ur is actually a hollow box decorated with mosaics of lapus lazuli red limestone and shell set in bitumen Sumerian 26th century BCE (7) by mharrsch, via Flickr

The Standard of Ur is actually a hollow box decorated with mosaics of lapus lazuli red limestone and shell set in bitumen Sumerian 26th century BCE (7) by mharrsch, via Flickr

Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia. It is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside (essential in this part of the world) and is thought to have been unchanged for at least 3,000 years. At the historical site the ruins of the city walls and fortifications are still in place, with one city gate standing, along with some other structures.

Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia. It is famous for its traditional 'beehive' adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside (essential in this part of the world) and is thought to have been unchanged for at least 3,000 years. At the historical site the ruins of the city walls and fortifications are still in place, with one city gate standing, along with some other structures.

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