Pleaching or plashing was common in gardens from the late Middle Ages until the century. This technique is a kind of weaving of the branches of deciduous trees or shrubs to form a living fence. Sometimes branches woven together grow together, a natura
Many urban gardeners don't realise they could be growing abundant fruit in their micro backyards using the espalier technique. Here an apple tree is trained up in a fan shape which is both a feature and a productive edible garden.