Leaders if the 1963 Civil Rights March on DC. (L-R ) Mathew Ahmann; (beside) A. Philip Randolph: (standing behind) Rabbi Joachim Prinz ; (w/bow tie) Joseph Rauh, John Lewis & Floyd McKissick. Photo created by: U.S. Information Agency, Press and Publications Service
Viola Gregg Liuzzo (1925-1965) was the first white female civil rights activist killed during the American civil rights movement. She was horrified by the images of the “Bloody Sunday” voting rights march in Alabama in March 1965. Therefore, she traveled to Selma, saying the struggle was everybody's fight;. While shuttling marchers in her car, she was shot and murdered by a Ku Klux Klan member. One of four Klansmen in the car was Gary Thomas Rowe, Jr. who turned out to be an FBI informant.
1965 February 26, 1965 · Marion, Alabama Jimmie Lee Jackson was beaten and shot by state troopers as he tried to protect his grandfather and mother from a trooper attack on civil rights marchers. His death led to the Selma-Montgomery march and the eventual passage of the Voting Rights Act.
President Theodore Roosevelt speaking to a group of African American children. Early in his presidency, Roosevelt created a scandal when he invited Booker T. Washington to dine with him and his family; he was the first U.S. president ever to entertain a black man in the White House. February 5, 1906 Library of Congress
Bert Williams. You wouldn't know it to look at this picture, but Williams was one of the first, wealthiest and most famous black comedians of his day. Booker T. Washington wrote of Williams: "He has done more for our race than I have. He has smiled his way into people's hearts; I have been obliged to fight my way." And WC Fields said of him, "the funniest man I ever saw – and the saddest man I ever knew."
On June 19, 1964 the US Senate passed the Civil Rights Bill by a vote of 73-27 after 54 working days of filibuster since it was introduced in March. This was the first time the Senate had invoked cloture since 1927. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the bill two weeks later on July 2, 1964. #TodayInBlackHistory
ELIZABETH PROCTOR THOMAS "Aunt Betty" (1821-1917), was a free black woman, farmer and landowner in Brightwood in Washington, District of Columbia. In Sept. 1861, Union troops took her land destroying her home, to build Fort Stevens. According to Thomas, as soldiers removed her belongings, a tall, slender man dressed in black approached her and said, “It is hard, but you shall reap a great reward.” The man was President Lincoln. After the Civil War, she remained the owner of portions of the…
A Serious Security Handbook for Civil Rights Volunteers - Freedom Summer - 1964 - Mississippi USA (?) Can we even imagine seeing your young person get on that bus? Talk about courage - of the volunteers, and of those being denied their rights in the South.
Reparations paid to other groups. Slavery and Jim crow. Indian and Eskimos, Ottawas of Michigan, Seminoles of Florida, Sioux of South Dakota, Klamaths of Oregon, Alaska Natives Land Settlement. Slave owners were also paid reparations after the Civil War.