The Maldives are coral atolls – islands that encircle a lagoon. The word has its roots in atholu in Dhivehi (the language of the Maldivians). It was first used extensively by the English naturalist Charles Darwin in his published work, The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs.
Maldives - Resort islands are planted with a variety of trees including the national tree, the coconut palm, as well as jackfruit, curry leaf and banyan. Among the commonest trees is the Sea Hibiscus or Beach Hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus), a medium-sized tree with a spreading canopy. Its cup-shaped flowers are orange or lemon-yellow in color.