Nietzsche nihilistic aphorism “God is Dead” is the starting point for his wider conviction that there were no truths or certainties In this uncertain void, true meaning came in reaching for an inner-Ubermensch, where we should and must create our own.
was a French Existentialist, who was close both personally and philosophically with Sartre and De Beauvoir. Like them, he began with the simple claim that there were no objective laws and rules to life that could guide us. Humans had no.
Kant’s Categorical Imperative is a moral law that states the conditions for when a maxim (a statement of what to do) is morally obligatory. The Imperative takes many formulations but the most common is of ‘Universalisability’ - only do that which you.
Kant’s Transcendental Ego is an attempt to bridge the historic debate between empiricism and rationalism. All of our knowledge does comes from experiences (in the form of ‘phenomena’), but we possess an a priori 'nounmenal’ self which is a 'necessary.