Trial was by ordeal until male serfs underwent trial by water; freemen and all women, trial by hot iron. There was also trial by combat - "wager of battle." Ordeals were supposedly a way to allow God to reveal his judgment.
The Franco-Prussian war and Austro-Prussian war shown in military art prints by military artists Carl Rochling, Alphonse De Neuville and Richard Knotel. Prints of the Franco-Prussian war published by Cranston Fine Arts.
Extremely heavy lamellar armor of a Jin Dynasty (1115–1234) "Iron Pagoda horseman" Some historians have referred to these heavy cavalry as cataphracts or clibanarii, in reference to their near identical appearance to heavy Persian cavalry from the 4-7th centuries. http://dragonsarmory.blogspot.com/2017/02/medieval-chinese-cataphracts-1-iron.html