PIeces of Eight
The Whydah, a pirate ship belonging to the English pirate “Black Sam” Bellamy, was lost on a stormy night in 1717 off the coast of Cape Cod. In 1984, a team led by underwater explorer Barry Clifford located the wreck. Many of the estimated 200,000 artifacts–including gold doubloons and silver pieces of eight--can be seen at The Whydah Museum in Provincetown, Mass., or at the "Real Pirates" traveling exhibit. Recovery work at the site continues.
Bartolomeu Português was a Portuguese buccaneer who attacked Spanish shipping in the late 1660s; he also established one of the earliest sets of rules popularly known in pirate lore as "the Pirate's Code", later used by the pirates of the 18th century such as John Phillips, Edward Low, and Bartholomew Roberts.
Britain – The Rise of a Pirate Empire
On this day 13th December, 1577 Francis Drake set sail from Plymouth with his Flagship Pelican plus four other ships and 160 men, on an expedition to the Pacific, his other ships were lost or returned home shortly after the voyage began but the Pelican, renamed The Golden Hind ,The California coast was claimed in the name of Queen Elizabeth. He became the first Englishman to sail around the world and the Queen knighted him aboard his ship at Deptford on the River Thames
8 Famous Pirates from History
Francis Drake, nicknamed “my pirate” by Queen Elizabeth I, was among the so-called “Sea Dog” privateers licensed by the English government to attack Spanish shipping. Drake sailed on his most famous voyage from 1577 to 1580, becoming the first English captain to circumnavigate the globe.
La Salle's ship, The "Belle", remained mired in mud for 310 years, untouched but not forgotten. After years of unsuccessful searching, archeologists finally found the prize in 1995. The crew discovered one of the Belle's cannon confirming the find. In the bow compartment (foreground), excavators made their most surprising discovery: a fully articulated human skeleton lying atop a coil of anchor rope.
TECHNOLOGY: The backstaff was invented at the turn of the 17th century to replace the mariner's astrolabe. Instead of pointing the instrument towards the sun, the observer had their back to the sun and measured the angle of the sun's shadow in relation to the horizon. It gave a more precise reading of latitude than the astrolabe. Yet even this new invention was replaced in 150 years by the sextant.