A line of soldiers take aim at a group of unarmed Belgian civilians, preparing to fire.

In August German troops shot and killed 150 civilians at Aerschot. The killing was part of war policy known as Schrecklichkeit (“frightfulness”). Its purpose was to terrify civilians in occupied areas so that they would not rebel.

Belgian women and children carry bundles of their possessions through the streets of a Belgian town as they are led away by German soldiers. One of their number, a young boy, kisses his mother goodbye as the procession passes a church. text: ISSUED BY THE QUEENSLAND RECRUITING COMMITTEE. WILL YOU STAND FOR THIS? INTO CAPTIVITY - A SCENE IN A BELGIAN TOWN.

Page from World War Trauma and Memory - The Open University

The ruins of Reims cathedral

The ruins of Reims cathedral and of Reims (French City) during the first world war

This iis Dix's painting, 'Mealtime in the Trench'

Der Krieg Mealtime in the Trenches (Mahlzeit in der Sappe) A trench soldier quickly gulps a meal in the company of a human skeleton trapped in the frozen landscape beside him.

This iis Dix's painting, 'Wounded Man'

This iis Dix's painting, 'Wounded Man'

This iis Dix's painting, 'The Match Seller'

Otto Dix - The Match Seller, 1920 - This war veteran is a pitiful character. The war has taken limbs and vision. His deformities are highly visible yet the only attention he draws is from a Daschund who pees on his stumps.

The corpses of two dead British soldiers lying face down in the mud among barbed wire. Their helmets and rifles lie in the mud next to them.

The corpses of two dead British soldiers lying face down in the mud among barbed wire. Their helmets and rifles lie in the mud next to them.

This a photograph of The Grieving Parents sculpture

This a photograph of The Grieving Parents sculpture

Text: AUX FEMMES DU CANADA 1. Vous avez lu ce que les Allemands ont fait en Belgique. Avez-vous pensé à ce qu'ils feraient s'ils envahissaient notre pays ....... ? 2. Réalisez-vous que la sécurité de votre foyer et de vos enfants dépend du nombre d'hommes que nous enrôlerons maintenant . . . . . ? 3. Réalisez-vous qu'un mot d'encouragement de votre part procurera peut-être un défenseur de plus à notre pays . . ? 4. Quand la guerre sera finie et que quelqu'un demandera à votre mari ou à votre…

Page from World War Trauma and Memory - The Open University

Text: MEN OF LEICESTERSHIRE AVENGE THE LUSITANIA HOW TO DO IT! For every Man, Woman and Child lost 10 Men should join. JOIN THE 10TH BATTALION LEICESTERSHIRE REGIMENT 21, HUMBERSTONE GATE. 14 DAYS LEAVE AT HOME ON JOINING PAY AND ALLOWANCES 3/- PER DAY WHILST ON LEAVE.

Page from World War Trauma and Memory - The Open University

Drawing depicts German soldiers shooting a woman hanging on a meat hook outside a butcher's shop; fallen babies and children are in the foreground. Text urges men to enlist and help Uncle Sam defeat German Militarism. Front of poster has a faded ink stamp: "P. O. Building Durham, N.C."

Page from World War Trauma and Memory - The Open University

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