Cross cultural wonders
Ring, late 6th–early 5th century b.c., Etruscan, Gilt silver. This ring testifies to the complexity of artistic interconnection at the end of the Archaic period. The bezel is in the form of a cartouche, a shape ultimately of Egyptian origin that the Phoenicians disseminated in the western Mediterranean. The three mythological creatures that decorate it—winged lion, siren, and scarab beetle—came from the East as well.
Lyraflugel ~ This type of upright piano was made almost exclusively in Berlin between 1820 and 1850. The Lyraflügel was a fashionable fixture of middle-class Biedermeier parlors in northern German lands. In the period of the Napoleonic occupation (1806–13), the lyre had become a symbol of freedom and liberation. It was popularized in songs based on the collection of patriotic poems, With Lyre and Sword, by the poet Theodor Körner (1791–1813).
Epona was the a Romano-Celtic goddess of horses. Epona was known throughout Continental Europe, particularly worshipped by the Gauls in France and Italy. Her cult would later spread to Britannia (Britain). The Roman adopted the Gallic goddess as the patron-goddess of cavalrymen, and was the only Celtic deity to be worshipped in Rome; annual festival in Epona's honour on December 18. She can be found in arts in both Celtic and Roman world. Epona was also called Bubona. I
During the Early Bronze Age in Central Anatolia 3000–2000 BCE, a number of nonliterate, discrete cultures with little contact with urban Mesopotamia produced spectacular metal vessels, jewelry, weapons, and musical instruments buried with their rulers. This pair of long-horned bulls were cast separately of arsenical copper, held together by extensions of their front and back legs, bent around the plinth.
Ottoman Empire jeweled and gold-inlaid steel ceremonial chichak, a type of helmet (migfer) originally worn in the 15th-16th century by cavalry of the Ottoman Empire, consisting of a rounded bowl with ear flaps, a peak with a sliding nose guard passing through the peak, and an extension in the back to protect the neck. Various other countries used their own versions of the chichak including Mughal India, and in Europe, mid sixteenth century, Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul - Turkey.
A ROMAN OBSIDIAN MAGIC GEM CIRCA 2ND CENTURY A.D. The flat oval stone engraved on one side with a radiate Anubis striding to the right, wearing a kilt, holding an ankh and a was-scepter, a crowned horus-falcon at his feet, on a short groundline; the other side with an eight-line Greek inscription; mounted as a swivel ring in a modern gold setting, the bezel ornamented with granulation, the hoop hallmarked "ET," probably Elisabeth Treskow, from Cologne, circa 1960s-1970s
Ring with Reclining Ram. 14th-13th BCE. Syrian. This impressive ring is decorated with chased geometric patterns on the hoop and a reclining ram on top. Lotus blossom ornaments in relief adorn the sides and indicate Egyptian influence. Rings like this would most likely have been worn by high-ranking officials or priests.