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The Old Regime

The political and social system in France from 1654 to 1789.
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'Wheel of Fortune' by Kev Butters, artist of 'Casanova in Paris: The Shadows of the King' - an online graphic novel created by Kev Butters and Dave Thompson. Giacomo Casanova, Military Costumes, Seven Years' War, Unhappy Marriage, The Libertines, Wealthy Women, Cities In Italy, Wheel Of Fortune, Marriage And Family
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'Wheel of Fortune' by Kev Butters, artist of 'Casanova in Paris: The Shadows of the King' - an online graphic novel created by Kev Butters and Dave Thompson.
The World of Casanova
The World of Casanova
The Three Estates.  The social hierarchy was divided into three broad categories, or Estates.  These Estates were extremely rigid, with the large majority of the population living and dying according to their ascribed status.  In addition, there were numerous other social divisions that worked within and across these Estates with their own defined privileges.  The First Estate was the Catholic Church,  the Second Estate was the nobility and the Third Estate, 97 per cent, was the rest. A Level History, History Class, World History, History Nerd, Art History, Ap European History, French History, French Revolution, American Revolution
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The Three Estates. The social hierarchy was divided into three broad categories, or Estates. These Estates were extremely rigid, with the large majority of the population living and dying according to their ascribed status. In addition, there were numerous other social divisions that worked within and across these Estates with their own defined privileges. The First Estate was the Catholic Church, the Second Estate was the nobility and the Third Estate, 97 per cent, was the rest.
Royal Coat of Arms of France.  The Old Regime, or Ancien Régime, is the term which came into existence during the French Revolution and is used by modern historians to refer to the reigns of Louis XIV, XV and XVI: a period (1654 to 1789) characterised by privilege, hierarchy, the notion of a divinely appointed absolute monarch and a powerful Catholic Church. Hugues Capet, Ludwig Xiv, Ferdinand I, French Royalty, Templer, Saint Denis, Louis Xiv, European History
Royal Coat of Arms of France. The Old Regime, or Ancien Régime, is the term which came into existence during the French Revolution and is used by modern historians to refer to the reigns of Louis XIV, XV and XVI: a period (1654 to 1789) characterised by privilege, hierarchy, the notion of a divinely appointed absolute monarch and a powerful Catholic Church.
The Three Estates.  Understanding the significance of privilege (from the Latin ‘privus’ and ‘lex/leg-’, or ‘private law’) is key to understanding the world of the Old Regime:  ‘Society was imagined not as individuals equal before the law but as groups, each with different legal statuses and functions’ (Suzanne Desan, ‘Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon’). Luoyang, French Revolution Image, Alexandre Le Grand, Study Cards, Illustrations, Napoleon, Zelda Characters, Fictional Characters, Paisajes
The Three Estates. Understanding the significance of privilege (from the Latin ‘privus’ and ‘lex/leg-’, or ‘private law’) is key to understanding the world of the Old Regime: ‘Society was imagined not as individuals equal before the law but as groups, each with different legal statuses and functions’ (Suzanne Desan, ‘Living the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon’).
King Louis XIV (1643-1715).  The head of this hierarchical society, of course, was the absolute monarch.  By the end of the reign of Louis XIV, the monarchy exerted an unprecedented degree of control over France, his authority exercised through royal officials. Rembrandt, Marc Antoine Charpentier, Philippe V, Doge Of Venice, Web Gallery Of Art, Killer Clothes, San Quentin
King Louis XIV (1643-1715). The head of this hierarchical society, of course, was the absolute monarch. By the end of the reign of Louis XIV, the monarchy exerted an unprecedented degree of control over France, his authority exercised through royal officials.
King Louis XV. In his memoirs Casanova reflected: "At this period the Parisians fancied that they loved the king... At the present day they are more enlightened, and would only love the sovereign whose sole desire is the happiness of his people... As for kings like Louis XV, they have become totally impracticable; but if there are any such...in the eyes of public opinion they will be dishonoured and disgraced before their bodies are in a grave and their names are written in the book of history." 18th Century Clothing, 18th Century Fashion, European Paintings, Old Paintings, Roi Louis, Louis Xvi
King Louis XV. In his memoirs Casanova reflected: "At this period the Parisians fancied that they loved the king... At the present day they are more enlightened, and would only love the sovereign whose sole desire is the happiness of his people... As for kings like Louis XV, they have become totally impracticable; but if there are any such...in the eyes of public opinion they will be dishonoured and disgraced before their bodies are in a grave and their names are written in the book of history."
King Louis XVI (1754 to 1793).  Louis' rigid attachment to the ideas of the Old Regime, including divine kingship and the privileges of the Church and nobility, contributed to his downfall and execution in 1793. Ludwig Der 16, Bastille, Tudor History
King Louis XVI (1754 to 1793). Louis' rigid attachment to the ideas of the Old Regime, including divine kingship and the privileges of the Church and nobility, contributed to his downfall and execution in 1793.
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet (September 1627 – 12 April 1704), French bishop, political philosopher and theologian who played an important role in developing the theory of a divine right of kings.  For Bossuet, a king's authority came directly from God and therefore his sovereignty was sacred and could not be shared. Theories, Author, Development, Politics, Writers
Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet (September 1627 – 12 April 1704), French bishop, political philosopher and theologian who played an important role in developing the theory of a divine right of kings. For Bossuet, a king's authority came directly from God and therefore his sovereignty was sacred and could not be shared.
Louis XV's coronation at Reims.  The Catholic Church gave essential underpinning to the concept of a divinely appointed absolute monarch. Marguerite De Navarre, Architecture Religieuse, Reims Cathedral, Toile Photo, Sacre, Saint Esprit, Historical Artwork
Louis XV's coronation at Reims. The Catholic Church gave essential underpinning to the concept of a divinely appointed absolute monarch.
Family of duke of Penthièvre in 1768 or "The Cup of chocolate" by Jean-Baptiste Charpentier, XVIIIth century.  A noble family of the Second Estate. Toulouse, Trianon Versailles, Palace Of Versailles, Bourbon, Lamballe, Madame Du Barry, History Of Chocolate, Luis Xiv, Maria Teresa
Family of duke of Penthièvre in 1768 or "The Cup of chocolate" by Jean-Baptiste Charpentier, XVIIIth century. A noble family of the Second Estate.
Armand de Vignerot du Plessis (1696–1788) (by Jean-Marc Nattier (1685-1766).  Nobility (the Second Estate). A4 Poster, Poster Prints, Jean Antoine Watteau, Arts Picturaux, Athenaeum, Royals
French nobility - Wikipedia
Armand de Vignerot du Plessis (1696–1788) (by Jean-Marc Nattier (1685-1766). Nobility (the Second Estate).
Julian Offrey de la Mettrie, 18th century French physician.  A member or the Third Estate. 18th Century, Old Things, Olds, Face, Third, French, French People, The Face
Julian Offrey de la Mettrie, 18th century French physician. A member or the Third Estate.
French peasantry (Louis La Nain, around 1643).  Peasantry made up the bulk of the Third Estate. National Gallery Of Art, Dutch Artists, French Artists, 17th Century Clothing, S Xvii, Art Classique, Book Of Hours, Louvre Museum
French peasantry (Louis La Nain, around 1643). Peasantry made up the bulk of the Third Estate.
Happy family (Louis Le Nain, 1642).  The Third Estate made up 97% of the French population and included wage labourers, peasants, villeins, businessmen, merchants, physicians, actors, artists, craftsmen. Caravaggio, Catarina Ii, Philippe De Champaigne, Frederick William, Art Français, Modern Costumes, Peter Paul Rubens, Baroque Art
Happy family (Louis Le Nain, 1642). The Third Estate made up 97% of the French population and included wage labourers, peasants, villeins, businessmen, merchants, physicians, actors, artists, craftsmen.
Peasant interior with an old flute player (Louis le Nain). Matisse, Brothers Art, Baroque Painting, Audre Lorde, European Art, Giverny, Edward Gorey
Peasant interior with an old flute player (Louis le Nain).