The Salon Myth

How the myth of the 18th century Enlightenment salon came about
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'Wheel of Fortune' by Kev Butters, artist of 'Casanova in Paris: The Shadows of the King' - an online graphic novel created by Kev Butters and Dave Thompson. Giacomo Casanova, Military Costumes, Seven Years' War, Unhappy Marriage, The Libertines, Wealthy Women, Cities In Italy, Wheel Of Fortune, Marriage And Family
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'Wheel of Fortune' by Kev Butters, artist of 'Casanova in Paris: The Shadows of the King' - an online graphic novel created by Kev Butters and Dave Thompson.
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Portrait of the artist Anicet Charles Gabriel Lemonnier (1743-1824, France) Joseph Ducreux, Musée Gustave Moreau, Rouen, Matisse, Gabriel, Charles Gleyre, Antoine Bourdelle, Carpeaux, 18th Century Paintings
Anicet Charles Gabriel Lemonnier - portrait de le artiste
Portrait of the artist Anicet Charles Gabriel Lemonnier (1743-1824, France)
Presumed portrait of Madame Geoffrin.  One of the most famous supposed salonnières of eighteenth-century Paris. Portraits Victoriens, Portraits From Photos, Fashion Portraits, Female Painters, Female Artists, A4 Poster, Poster Prints, Victorian Portraits
Marie Thérèse Geoffrin - Wikipedia
Presumed portrait of Madame Geoffrin. One of the most famous supposed salonnières of eighteenth-century Paris.
Centre stage of Lemonnier's painting is a bust of the great Voltaire, the reading of whose play ‘L’Orphelin de la Chine’ was the reason for this particular occasion.  Voltaire could not be there in person as in 1734 he had been banished from Paris and was not officially invited back until 1778. France, 18th Century, Myths, Samurai, Centre, Stage, Bust, Paris, Greats
Blog Archive » L’Orphelin de la Chine at the Comedie Francaise, 1755
Centre stage of Lemonnier's painting is a bust of the great Voltaire, the reading of whose play ‘L’Orphelin de la Chine’ was the reason for this particular occasion. Voltaire could not be there in person as in 1734 he had been banished from Paris and was not officially invited back until 1778.
Interestingly, a significant number of those depicted by Lemonnier were contributors to arguably the Enlightenment's greatest work - the Encyclopedie.  These included D’Alembert, Diderot,  Helvétius, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Quesnay, Baron de Laune and Voltaire. Leeds University, University Of Virginia, Albigensian Crusade, Modern World History, Age Of Enlightenment, Enlightment, Scientific Discovery, Science, French Revolution
Interestingly, a significant number of those depicted by Lemonnier were contributors to arguably the Enlightenment's greatest work - the Encyclopedie. These included D’Alembert, Diderot, Helvétius, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Quesnay, Baron de Laune and Voltaire.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, above, would not have attended such a gathering as he is supposed to have done by Lemonnier.   Unfortunately, the orthodoxy of salon culture, rather like Lemonnier’s ‘Siecle de Voltaire’, is based upon a fiction. In her fascinating 2006 PhD thesis, ‘The Problem of the Enlightenment Salon’, Nancy W Collins demonstrates that modern conceptions of the salon stem from a nineteenth-century re-imagining of the realities of the Ancien Regime of pre-Revolutionary France. Famous Books, Famous Quotes, Thoughts On Education, Helmut Schmidt, Social Contract, Plus Belle Citation, Great Philosophers, Calm Quotes
Jean-Jacques Rousseau - Wikipedia
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, above, would not have attended such a gathering as he is supposed to have done by Lemonnier. Unfortunately, the orthodoxy of salon culture, rather like Lemonnier’s ‘Siecle de Voltaire’, is based upon a fiction. In her fascinating 2006 PhD thesis, ‘The Problem of the Enlightenment Salon’, Nancy W Collins demonstrates that modern conceptions of the salon stem from a nineteenth-century re-imagining of the realities of the Ancien Regime of pre-Revolutionary France.
Although the concept of the salon as a social institution had been around since the very late nineteenth century, historians did not ascribe to it the significance they do today until the second half of the twentieth century.  The scholar who was key to this historical re-evaluation was the German philosopher Jurgen Habermas. Charles Taylor, Opera Mundi, Sistema Global, Oliver Sacks, Contexto Social, Famous Philosophers, Religion, Critical Theory, Charlemagne
Jürgen Habermas - Wikipedia
Although the concept of the salon as a social institution had been around since the very late nineteenth century, historians did not ascribe to it the significance they do today until the second half of the twentieth century. The scholar who was key to this historical re-evaluation was the German philosopher Jurgen Habermas.
Voltaire and Diderot at the Café Procope.   Habermas argued that the salon was an example of a number of social spaces, including book clubs and coffee houses, that had grown up in urban environments.  Uninhibited by social norms and hierarchies, these public spaces enabled a free flow of ideas that ultimately challenged the ideological underpinnings of an absolutist state. Culture Definition, La Roche Guyon, Green Jobs, Paris Cafe, Philo, Modern History, Socialism
Café Procope - Wikipedia
Voltaire and Diderot at the Café Procope. Habermas argued that the salon was an example of a number of social spaces, including book clubs and coffee houses, that had grown up in urban environments. Uninhibited by social norms and hierarchies, these public spaces enabled a free flow of ideas that ultimately challenged the ideological underpinnings of an absolutist state.
The work of Habermas thus transformed the salon into a proto-democratic organisation.  Other scholars, such as the historians Francois Furet, Maurice Agulhon and Marc Fumaroli, began to build upon this idea until the salon was perceived as occupying a place of pivotal political, intellectual and literary importance. Francois, Pdf Books, Historian, Scholar, Democrats, Literary, Revolution, Ebooks
The work of Habermas thus transformed the salon into a proto-democratic organisation. Other scholars, such as the historians Francois Furet, Maurice Agulhon and Marc Fumaroli, began to build upon this idea until the salon was perceived as occupying a place of pivotal political, intellectual and literary importance.
Claudine Guérin de Tencin - supposed salonnière.  In the 1970s and 1980s, gender bias typically led to the role of women being neglected or minimised even as the significance of the salon was being elevated: at best, they were adornments or supporting players; at worst, gossips immersed in social rivalry. Rococo Fashion, Fashion Art, 18th Century Portraits, Joseph, Paris 13, Buxom Beauties, 18th Century Clothing, Plus Size Costume, Ideal Beauty
Wikiwand - Claudine Guérin de Tencin
Claudine Guérin de Tencin - supposed salonnière. In the 1970s and 1980s, gender bias typically led to the role of women being neglected or minimised even as the significance of the salon was being elevated: at best, they were adornments or supporting players; at worst, gossips immersed in social rivalry.
As the study of women�’s history gathered pace, however, the characterisation of women as bit part players was challenged by historians such as Deena Goodman.  Now the salonnière became a dominant and transformational figure, able to hold her own with the men around her and able to create a space in which Enlightenment discourse could flourish. French History, European History, Women In History, Dena, Goodman, The Republic, Ebook Pdf, History Books
As the study of women’s history gathered pace, however, the characterisation of women as bit part players was challenged by historians such as Deena Goodman. Now the salonnière became a dominant and transformational figure, able to hold her own with the men around her and able to create a space in which Enlightenment discourse could flourish.
Collins analysis of eighteenth-century letters, journals and dictionaries, however, reveals that the term ‘salon’ only referred to a novel type of room.  No social significance was attached to it.  ‘Salons’, ‘salles’ and ‘sallettes’ were introduced by architects in the late seventeenth century, promoted to cater for the different needs of their clientele, and by the middle of the eighteenth century they had become popular amongst the elite. Place Vendôme, Types Of Rooms, Seventeen, Oversized Mirror, Novels, Visual, Parts
Collins analysis of eighteenth-century letters, journals and dictionaries, however, reveals that the term ‘salon’ only referred to a novel type of room. No social significance was attached to it. ‘Salons’, ‘salles’ and ‘sallettes’ were introduced by architects in the late seventeenth century, promoted to cater for the different needs of their clientele, and by the middle of the eighteenth century they had become popular amongst the elite.
Collins analysis of eighteenth-century letters, journals and dictionaries, however, reveals that the term ‘salon’ only referred to a novel type of room.  No social significance was attached to it.  ‘Salons’, ‘salles’ and ‘sallettes’ were introduced by architects in the late seventeenth century, promoted to cater for the different needs of their clientele, and by the middle of the eighteenth century they had become popular amongst the elite. Gentlemans Guide, Architecture Sketch, French Style, Big Ben, Architects, Facade
Collins analysis of eighteenth-century letters, journals and dictionaries, however, reveals that the term ‘salon’ only referred to a novel type of room. No social significance was attached to it. ‘Salons’, ‘salles’ and ‘sallettes’ were introduced by architects in the late seventeenth century, promoted to cater for the different needs of their clientele, and by the middle of the eighteenth century they had become popular amongst the elite.
The Bouillotte.  Alongside fine dining, the social interactions of this fiercely competitive beau monde revolved around gambling, theatricals, fashion, game playing, witty conversation, gossip, flirting, hobnobbing with one’s betters, networking and generally showing off.  Obsessive attention to manners and etiquette, since time immemorial a way of distinguishing the wheat from the chaff, was also very much in evidence: hardly the mark of tolerance and egalitarianism. Caricatures, Wall Art Canvas Prints, Framed Artwork, Musee Carnavalet, Regency Era, Regency House, Phantom Of The Opera, Les Arts, Gaming Wall Art
La Bouillotte.
The Bouillotte. Alongside fine dining, the social interactions of this fiercely competitive beau monde revolved around gambling, theatricals, fashion, game playing, witty conversation, gossip, flirting, hobnobbing with one’s betters, networking and generally showing off. Obsessive attention to manners and etiquette, since time immemorial a way of distinguishing the wheat from the chaff, was also very much in evidence: hardly the mark of tolerance and egalitarianism.
Upon the death of her husband in 1749 Madam Geoffrin become the owner of the famous Saint-Gobain mirror and glass manufacturer and until the 1760s much of her time was spent immersed in her business. Famous Saints, Hall Of Mirrors, Delaunay, Architectural Antiques, Northern Europe, Venetian Mirrors, 14th Century, Mercury
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Upon the death of her husband in 1749 Madam Geoffrin become the owner of the famous Saint-Gobain mirror and glass manufacturer and until the 1760s much of her time was spent immersed in her business.