The Seven Years War (1756-1763)
The World of Casanova
·France's attempt to combat the growing power of Great Britain and Prussia
Last updated 3 years ago
Casanova’s second stay in Paris coincided with the early years of the Seven Years War, which raged from 1756 to 1763. This was a global conflict which spilled over from long-standing European rivalries, intensified by colonial and economic ambitions, encompassing Europe, North America, the Caribbean and India.
Maria Theresa, Archducess of Austria (ruler from 1740 to 1780). The primary cause of the European war was a territorial dispute between Austria and Prussia over Silesia (present day South-Eastern Poland) which had been lost by Austria to Prussia following upon the War of the Austrian succession (1740 to 1748).
The Prussians Invade Saxony
Frederick the Great of Prussia (king from 1740 to 1786). Napoleon Bonaparte regarded him as the greatest tactical genius of all time. Two weeks after France's invasion of Minorca he invaded and defeated Saxony, "telling his sister Wilhelmina that he was off to pay a little visit to his fat neighbour, the Saxon Elector" (Robert Cavendish, 'History Today').
Blog Archive » Peabody Essex Museum acquires gorgeous 18th c. Indian textile collection
Indian calico and chintz textiles became incredibly popular in Europe. "Portuguese traders began exporting Indian textiles in the 1500s, but it was the Dutch East India Company (VOC) that began large scale exports in the 17th century... By the late 17th century, England, France and the Dutch Republic each imported more than a million pieces of chintz a year." (Peabody Essex Museum, Salem)
From the early 1740s the newly empowered governor of French India, Joseph Francois Dupleix, harboured ambitions of constructing a territorial empire that went beyond the establishment of trading posts. The prize was a rich one: India was producing about a quarter of the world’s textile supply in addition to its traditional spice and pepper trade.
Robert Clive, future Commander-in-Chief of India, had been a lowly employee of the East India Company who enlisted in the Company army after the French captured Madras in 1746. A young and inexperienced officer with no formal military training, Clive distinguished himself against the French in various encounters, notably the Siege of Arcot in 1751.
Siege of Arcot
The Siege of Arcot by Peter Jackson. Clive's victory against overwhelming odds made him famous in Europe. Against an enemy that comprised some 11,000 native troops and 150 French troops supported by a train of French siege artillery, Clive had 200 British and 300 Sepoy troops and 3 guns at his disposal.