Ch 27 In St. Mary of Bethlehem, an asylum popularly known as Bedlam, opened to receive mental patients in England. The institution itself was founded in 1247 as a priory. The famous painting of Bedlam is by William Hogarth,
Medical treatment was little more than crude guesswork, and totally out of reach of the poor. Epidemics of dysentery, smallpox, and typhus occured regularly. Water supplies were contaminated. Bathing (once feared as a method of spreading disease) was rare
Angélique-Marguerite du Coudray was a famous century midwife and designed this mannequin to teach midwife trainees about delivering babies. Louis XV learned of her expertise and asked her to set up courses throughout France.