Orientalist paintings, museum examples and European photographs showing carnelian belts (jakicar).
Currently 16 known Orientalist paintings showing this type of carnelian belt (jakicar) by 6 different painters have been identified, they are shown being worn by men in Khedival Egypt, the Middle East, Algeria / Morocco.
They are known from photographs to have been used by women in Albania / Serbia / Montenegro, there are currently 5 known photographs.
Dealers alternately sell these belts as mens and womens belts from either the Ottoman Empire or Eastern Europe.
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